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SimiNet: a Novel Method for Quantifying Brain Network Similarity

A. Mheich, M. Hassan, M. Khalil, V. Gripon, O. Dufor and F. Wendling, "SimiNet: a Novel Method for Quantifying Brain Network Similarity," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Volume 40, Number 9, pp. 2238--2249, September 2018.

Quantifying the similarity between two networks is critical in many applications. A number of algorithms have been proposed to compute graph similarity, mainly based on the properties of nodes and edges. Interestingly, most of these algorithms ignore the physical location of the nodes, which is a key factor in the context of brain networks involving spatially defined functional areas. In this paper, we present a novel algorithm called "SimiNet" for measuring similarity between two graphs whose nodes are defined a priori within a 3D coordinate system. SimiNet provides a quantified index (ranging from 0 to 1) that accounts for node, edge and spatiality features. Complex graphs were simulated to evaluate the performance of SimiNet that is compared with eight state-of-art methods. Results show that SimiNet is able to detect weak spatial variations in compared graphs in addition to computing similarity using both nodes and edges. SimiNet was also applied to real brain networks obtained during a visual recognition task. The algorithm shows high performance to detect spatial variation of brain networks obtained during a naming task of two categories of visual stimuli: animals and tools. A perspective to this work is a better understanding of object categorization in the human brain.

  author = {Ahmad Mheich and Mahmoud Hassan and
Mohamad Khalil and Vincent Gripon and Olivier Dufor
and Fabrice Wendling},
  title = {SimiNet: a Novel Method for Quantifying
Brain Network Similarity},
  journal = {IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and
Machine Intelligence},
  year = {2018},
  volume = {40},
  number = {9},
  pages = {2238--2249},
  month = {September},

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